Collective bargaining is a process where representatives of a group of workers, such as a labor union, negotiate with an employer to establish the terms and conditions of employment for the workers. This negotiation usually covers a variety of topics, such as wages, benefits, working conditions, and job security.
The goal of collective bargaining is to create a mutually acceptable agreement between the employer and the workers that addresses the needs and interests of both parties. The workers’ representatives use their collective bargaining power to push for better conditions, while the employer negotiates to protect their bottom line.
Collective bargaining is often used in industries where many workers share common concerns and where there is a power imbalance between individual workers and their employer. By banding together and negotiating as a group, workers can often achieve better outcomes than they would be able to on their own.
In many countries, collective bargaining is a legally protected right, and employers are required to engage in good faith negotiations with workers’ representatives. This means that both parties are expected to come to the bargaining table with an open mind and a willingness to compromise, in order to achieve a fair and equitable agreement for all involved.
Some examples of collective bargaining:
- A group of factory workers negotiating with management for better wages and working conditions.
- A union representing teachers bargaining with a school district for higher salaries and better benefits.
- A group of airline pilots negotiating with an airline company for better scheduling and working conditions.
- A group of employees at a retail store negotiating with management for a fair grievance process.
- A union representing healthcare workers bargaining with a hospital for better staffing levels and safer working conditions.
- A group of construction workers negotiating with a contractor for better safety equipment and training.
- A union representing public transportation workers bargaining with a city for better working conditions and job security.
- A group of hotel employees negotiating with management for better benefits and scheduling policies.
- A union representing factory workers bargaining with a multinational corporation for better benefits and pensions.
- A group of miners negotiating with a mining company for better safety regulations and compensation.